Georgia is located on the crossroad of Europe and Asia. It lays at the eastern end of the Black Sea, with Turkey and Armenia to the south, Azerbaijan to the east, and Russia to the north, over the Caucasus Mountains. The capital and largest city is Tbilisi. Georgia’s total territory covers 69,700 square kilometers.
Population in Georgia is almost 5 million. Official language is Georgian. Country is unitary semi-presidential republic. Georgian currency is Georgian Lari (GEL). The native name of Georgia is “Sakartvelo”.
The climate of Georgia is extremely diverse. The highest mountain in Georgia is Mount Shkhara at 5,068 meters.
A large majority of Georgia’s population (83.9% in 2002) practices Orthodox Christianity.
Largest cities and towns of Georgia are : Tbilisi; Kutaisi; Batumi; Rustavi; Zugdidi; Gori; Poti; Khashuri; Samtredia.
It is quite difficult to describe the Georgian culture with couple of words. It is very ancient: the first settlements at this territory appeared many thousand years ago. In the Georgian museums you can see multiple archeological findings from the Bronze Age, the 8000-years-old evidences of developed viticulture, jewelry, icons and weapons from different historical periods.
Georgian national dances and polyphonic songs are the unique part of global heritage. The architectural style of the country is a wild combination of medieval watchtowers, Mauritanian and Art-nouveau facades, Soviet mosaics and residential houses, as well as ultra modern constructions of XXI century.